S. 744, introduced on April 16, 2013, would result in many changes to United States immigration law. This is the proposed “immigration reform” that has been forthcoming for many years. Although not yet law, the bill represents a substantial step forward in the process of permanent immigration reform.First off, the proposal would allow noncitizens who are unlawfully present and who entered the U.S. before December 31, 2011 to adjust status to a new type of immigration status called “Registered Provisional Immigrant” (“RPI”). Applicants who are eligible for RPI would be required to pay a penalty and back taxes. Individuals in RPI status would receive work authorization and may travel abroad. Applicants would also become eligible to apply for lawful permanent resident (“LPR”) status after 10 years, and can apply for naturalization 3 years after getting their green card.In terms of family-based immigration, the proposal would (1) move the current F-2A category into the immediate relative classification, (2) allow for derivatives of immediate relatives, (3) eliminate the F-4 category, (4) set the age of eligibility of married sons and daughters of U.S. citizens at 31, and (5) reinstate the V visa.Employment-based immigration would also benefit from the proposed immigration bill by exempting the following categories from the quota: EB-1 immigrants, doctoral degree holders, physicians who have completed the foreign residency requirement, and derivatives. The bill also adds a new “EB-6” category for certain entrepreneurs. Employers would be required to adopt the E-Verify program after five years.The bill sets out to create the W-1 visa for lesser-skilled workers, a W-2 visa for aliens coming to the U.S. temporarily to perform agricultural services or labor under a written contract, and a W-3 visa for “at-will” workers with an offer of full-time employment in an agricultural occupation. The W-2 and W-3 visas would replace the current H-2A agricultural worker program.The bill eliminates the one-year filing deadline for those seeking asylum in the United States and authorize asylum officers to grant asylum during “credible fear” interviews.The “H-1B” Professional Worker visa program would benefit from a substantial boost, as the bill (1) increases the quota to a floor of 110,000 and a ceiling of 180,000, (2) increases the U.S. advanced degree exemption to 25,000 but limit it to STEM graduates, (3) adds a recruitment requirement for all H-1B labor condition applications involving a detailed posting on an Internet site designed by the Labor Department, (4) adds a non-displacement attestation, (5) changes the prevailing wage formula, (6) provides work authorization for spouses, and (7) adds a 60-day grace period after an H-1B has been terminated from his or her job.Notarios beware. The immigration bill makes it a crime to knowingly defraud an immigrant or hold oneself out as an attorney or BIA accredited representative when one is not authorized to do so. The bill also gives the Attorney General the authority to prosecute those who commit this type of fraud.These are just some of the changes that may be forthcoming as a result of this bill. It is important to keep in mind, however, that this is not (yet) the law. It may be signed into law, but it also may not be. Stay tuned for more developments in the process for comprehensive immigration reform.