Librarians and archivists are excellent at research, one of the primary activities in which scholars indulge. Librarians make information available to people. They manage staff, oversee the collection and cataloging of materials, and develop and direct information programs for the public. They help users find information from printed materials and other resources.
Archivists handle collections that reflect the course of daily life for individuals and businesses. Some archives contain materials created by a specific institution. For example, years ago Coca Cola set up an archive to have a history of what the company business was and how it prospered. New companies establish archives to keep documented records. Other institutions, such as universities or museums, create archives that relate to their special research interests.
Nobody knows the exact number, but it’s estimated that there are more than five thousand archives in the United States and Canada. Each of the fifty states maintains a government archives, as do most city and county governments. Archives are also found in historical societies, libraries, and private businesses. On the national level, the National Archives in Washington, D.C., looks after the records of the federal government. The Library of Congress provides information services to the U.S. Congress and technical services to all the libraries across the country. In Canada, each of the provinces maintains an archive, and Archives Canada provides links to each of those, as well as to municipal, university,
religious, and medical archives.