Social scientists hold about 450,000 jobs throughout North America. Many work as researchers, administrators, and counselors for a wide range of employers, and about half work for federal, state, provincial, and local governments, mostly in the federal government. Other employers include scientific research and development services; management, scientific, and technical consulting services; business, professional, labor, political, and similar organizations; and architectural, engineering, and related firms.
In addition, many people with training in a social science discipline teach in colleges and universities and in secondary and elementary schools. The proportion of social scientists who teach varies by occupation. For example, the academic
world generally is a more important source of jobs for graduates in sociology than for graduates in psychology.