The key elements of human resource development are:
- Learning – the process by which a person acquires and develops new knowledge, skills, capabilities, behaviours and attitudes.
- Training – the planned and systematic modification of behaviour through learning events, programmes and instruction that enables individuals to achieve the levels of knowledge, skill and competence needed to carry out their work effectively.
- Development – the growth or realization of a person’s ability and potential through the provision of learning and educational experiences.
Learning should be distinguished from training: ‘Learning is the process by which a person constructs new knowledge, skills and capabilities, whereas training is one of several responses an organization can undertake to promote learning’ (Reynolds et al, 2002: 9).