You must have a master’s degree to qualify as a professional archaeologist, and a doctoral degree is often preferable. Most graduate programs in archaeology are found in anthropology departments, and some universities maintain schools of archaeology. Visit www.petersons.com for a list of available programs. To gain the necessary background on the undergraduate level, you should study anthropology, history, art, geology, or a related field. Your graduate studies should also include cultural and physical anthropology and linguistics.